Schmidt syndrome

Schmidt syndrome

Schmidt syndrome also known as Polyglandular autoimmune syndrome type 2 is a rare autoimmune syndrome that commonly has the constellation of three diseases.

Schmidt syndrome also known as Polyglandular autoimmune syndrome type 2 is a rare autoimmune syndrome that commonly has the constellation of three diseases: diabetes mellitus type 1, hypothyroidism and adrenal insufficiency. Owing to the diabetes mellitus type 1, patients require life-long insulin therapy and blood glucose levels need to be monitored. They are at risk for chronic complications of diabetes such as neuropathy, nephropathy and retinopathy. More acutely, due to fluctuations in blood glucose levels, they are at risk for hypoglycemia with neuroglycopenic symptoms and ketoacidosis. Hypothyroidism is diagnosed by measuring the thyroid hormone levels and if inappropriately low is treated with replacement therapy. Patients with adrenal insufficiency experience symptoms due to low glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid levels in the body, due to decreased or absent production.

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Patricia Barber
Patricia Barber
For the last 20 years, Pat has been helping patients and caregivers live better lives, advocate for change, and Virginia's "right hand" making sure the "i's" are dotted and the "t's" are crossed. She lives in Michigan and couldn't picture herself doing anything but helping the autoimmune community.

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